Common Diseases in Cattle - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options
Cows are a farmer’s wealth. It is his livelihood. A farmer has to be aware of the common diseases in cattle. Awareness helps in prevention of diseases and helps the farmer to recognize symptoms.
Anaplasmosis is a disease which affects cattle. Parasites named anaplasma centrale and marginale cause this ailment. It is not communicable but spreads through ticks, dehorning tools, mosquitoes, instruments which are used to apply tattoo, flies and needles. This disease is common in many parts of the world. The cattle once infected become a permanent carrier. Symptoms of this disease include fever, anemia, loss of weight, inability to breathe normally, lack of harmonization while moving, abortion. If left untreated, the animal can die. Treatments include tetracycline, chlortetracycline and antibiotics. The animal should not be moved unnecessarily because it will cause breathlessness leading to death. Hygienic surroundings will help prevent spreading of this disease.
Bloat is a common disease in cattle. The condition occurs when the animal is unable to eject gas formed in the rumen. The gases which get ensnared in the animal’s body are converted to froth. Bloat occurs when the animal consumes legumes like clover or alfalfa. In some cases it is also caused due to obstructions in gullet. The symptoms include restlessness, swelling of abdomen, strenuous breathing, trying to defecate frequently, convulsions and collapse. Treatment is done by giving doses of dimethicone for bloat of the frothy type. In cases of gassy type, a tube will help the gas to escape. The veterinarian will have to operate the animal in serious cases.
3. Wooden Tongue
Wooden tongue is an infection which affects the cattle. Certain types of feed, rough food and seeds can cause wounds in tongue. The bacteria which are present in the tongue enter through these wounds. This leads to infection and pus formation. The tongue of the affected animal becomes hard and swollen. The animal will not be able to drink or eat because of acute pain. There will be drooling and the animal will lose weight very soon because of the inability to eat. The symptoms include unusual amount of saliva, pus and weakness. The infection causes tissue deposits on the tongue which makes it hard and still. Treatments include tetracycline and iodine healing. An infected animal should be isolated until cure.
A common fungal infection, it affects cattle also. The fungus known as trichophyton verrucosum forms spores which causes hair loss in the form of a ring. This disease is extremely contagious. The symptoms include dry skin, scabs, hair loss and emission of liquid from the patches. The animal does not look healthy. The disease can also affect those who look after the cattle. Ointments and iodine treatment are effective. The spread of infection can be prevented by keeping the premises clean.